Biodiversity Canada Sask.
Biodiversity 2
Living Fossil??
Identification, Taxonomy papers
Environmental Laws, Canada
Species of Concern
Oldman Dam Alberta
Alberta Update 2010
Saskatchewan Update
Saskatchewan River
Aquatic Insects
Oregon Winter Ponds
Oregon Rivers Intro
Willamette River
Columbia River
Missouri River
China Yangtze River
Arctic Canada, Rankin
MacKenzie River Canada
Fish- Rivers
Teaching Materials

Boyd, D. R. 2003. Unnatural Law. UBC Press, Vancouver.  Pp. 1-469.

Brooks, A. R. 1958. Acridoidea of Southern Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba (Orthoptera). Can. Ent. Suppl. 9. pp 1- 92.

Brooks A. R. and L. A. Kelton. 1967. Aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba (Hemiptera). Mem. Entomol. Soc. Canada 51: 1-92

Christiansen E.A. 1979. The Wisconsin deglaciation of southern Saskatchewan and
adjacent areas. Can.J.Earth Sci. 16:913-938.

Clifford, H.F. 1991. Aquatic Invertebrates of Alberta. University of Alberta Press.
Edmonton, Alberta

Culp, J.M., T.D. Prowse and E.A. Luiker. 2005. Mackenzie River Basin, p. 805-850. In A.C. Benke and C.E. Cushing (ed.), Rivers of North America. Elsevier Academic Press, Boston, MA.

 Dosdall, L. M. 1976. The Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Saskatchewan. MSc. Thesis.
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK 235 pp..

Dosdall, L.M. and D.M. Lehmkuhl. 1979. Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Saskatchewan.
Queast. Ent. 15:3-116

Edmunds, G.F. Jr., S.L. Jensen and L. Berner. 1976. The Mayflies of North and Central
America. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.

Fredeen, F.J.H. 1985. The black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Saskatchewan. Mus. Nat.
Hist. Nat. Hist. Contri. #8.

Fredeen, F.J.H. 1981. Keys to the black flies (Simuliidae) of the Saskatchewan River in
Saskatchewan. Quaest. Ent. 17:189-210.

Jarvis, B.J. 1987. Phenology and Drift dynamics of preimaginal Simuliidae (Diptera) in
a large temperate river. MSc. Thesis. University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK. 174

Larson, D.J. 1975. The predaceous water beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) of Alberta:
Systematics, natural history and distribution. Quaest. Ent. 11:245-498.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1968. Observations on the life histories of four species of Epeorus in western Oregon (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae). Pan-Pacific Entomol. 44: 129-137.

Lehmkuhl, D. M. 1970. A North American trichopteran larvae which feeds on freshwater sponges (Trichoptera: Leptoceridae, Porifera: Spongillidae). Am. Midl. Nat. 84:278-280.

Lehmkuhl, D. M. 1970. Stoneflies (Plecoptera: Nemouridae) from temporary habitats in Oregon.  Am. Midl. Nat. 85: 514-515.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1970. The life cycle of Rhithrogena morrisoni (Banks) in Western Oregon (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae). // Pan-Pacific Entomol. 46(2): 124-127.

Lehmkuhl D.M. & Anderson N.H. 1970. Observation on the biology of Cinygmula reticulata McDunnough in Oregon (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae). // Pan-Pacific Entomologist 46(4): 268-274.

Lehmkuhl, D.M. 1970. Mayflies in the South Saskatchewan River: pollution indicators.
Blue Jay 28:183-186. (link)

Lehmkuhl D.M. & Anderson N.H. 1971.Contribution to the biology and taxonomy of the Paraleptophlebia of Oregon (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae). // Pan-Pacif. Entomol. 47(2): 85-93.

Lehmkuhl D.M. & Anderson N.H. 1972. Microdistribution and density as factors affecting the downstream drift of mayflies. // Ecology 53: 661-667.

Lehmkuhl, D. M. 1972.  Change in thermal regime as a cause of reduction of benthic
fauna downstream of a reservoir. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 29:1329-1332. (link)

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1972. Baetisca (Ephemeroptera: Baetiscidae) from the western interior of Canada with notes on the life cycle. // Canadian Journal of Zoology 50(7): 1015-1017. [97 kb]

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1973. Adaptations to a marine climate illustrated by Ephemeroptera. // In: Peters W.L. & Peters J.G. (eds). Proceedings of the 1st international conference on Ephemeroptera. E.J. Brill, Leiden: 33-38, 1 pl.  [894 kb]

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1973. A new species of Baetis (Ephemeroptera) from ponds in the Canadian arctic, with biological notes. // Canadian Entomologist 105(2): 343-346. Baetis bundyi sp.n.

Lehmkuhl, D. M. 1975a. Saskatchewan Damselflies and Dragonflies.  Bluejay 33:18-27.

 Lehmkuhl, D. M. 1975b. Field guide to aquatic insect families.  Blue Jay 33:199-219. (link)

Lehmkuhl, D.M. 1975c. Alderflies. Blue Jay 3:152-154.

Lehmkuhl, D.M. 1976. Mayflies. Blue Jay. 34:70-81.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1976.Additions to the taxonomy, zoogeography and biology of Analetris eximia (Acanthametrepodinae, Siphlonuridae, Ephemeroptera). // Canadian Entomologist 108(2): 199–207.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1979. The North American species of Cinygma (Ephemeroptera: Heptageniidae). // Canadian Entomologist 111(6): 675–680.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1979. A new genus and species of Heptageniidae (Ephemeroptera) from western Canada. // Canadian Entomologist 111(7): 859–862. Macdunnoa nipawinia gen.sp.n.

Lehmkuhl D.M. 1979.  Ephemeroptera. // In: Danks H.V. (ed.). Canada and Insect Fauna. // Mem. Entomol. Soc. Can. 108: 305-308, Table 24.

Lehmkuhl, D.M. 1979. How to know the Aquatic Insects. Wm. C. Brown Co. Publishers.
Dubuque, Iowa. .

Lehmkuhl, D. M. 1979. Ephemeroptera, pp 305-308,  in Danks, H. V. Canada and its
nsect fauna.  Memoirs of the Ent. Soc. Can. No. 108, pp. 1-573. (link)

Lehmkuhl, D.M. 1980. Temporal and spatial changes in the Canadian insect fauna:
Patterns and explanations. Can. Ent. 112:1145-1159. (link)

Lehmkuhl, D. M. 1981. Report on the impact of Methoxychlor on non-target organisms
in the Saskatchewan River.  Prepared for Saskatchewan Agriculture, pp 1-165.(link, abstract)

under construction

Lehmkuhl, 2001. Status of five species of endangered mayflies (Ephemeroptera) in the
Saskatchewan River System, Saskatchewan. Prepared for Govt. of Sask. Pp. 1-84.

Mason, P.G. 1978. A biosystematic study of larval and pupal Chironomini (Diptera: Chironomidae) from the North and South Saskatchewan Rivers. M.Sc.Thesis, Dept. of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.

Mason, P.G. 1983. Systematics and ecology of Chironomidae (Diptera) associated with Tobin Lake reservoir and the Saskatchewan River. Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.

Merrit, R. W. and K. W. Cummins, 1996. An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America. Kendal/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque, Iowa.  Third Edition.

Needham, J.G., M.J. Westfall Jr. and M.L. May. 2000. Dragonflies of North America. Scientific Publishers, Gainesville, FL.

Nimmo, A.P. 1987. The adult Arctopsychidae and Hydropsychidae (Trichoptera) of Canada and adjacent United States. Quaest. Ent. 23:1-189

Nimmo, A.P. 1986. The adult Polycentropodidae of Canada and adjacent United States. Queast. Ent. 22:143-252.

Nimmo, A.P. 1971.  The adult Rhyacophilidae and Limnephilidae (Trichoptera) of Alberta and Eastern British Columbia and their post glacial origin. Quaest Ent. 7:3-234.

 Pyle, G. G. , S. M. Swanson, and D. M. Lehmkuhl. 2001. Toxicity of Uranium Mine Receiving Water to Caged Fathead Minnows. Ecotox. Env. Safety 48:202-214.

Rempel, J. G. 1950.  A guide to the Mosquito larvae of western Canada. Can. J. Res., D, 28:207-248.

Rempel, J.G. 1953. The mosquitoes of Saskatchewan. Can.J. Zool. 31:433-509.

Rosenberg, D.M., P.A. Chambers, J.M. Culp, W.G. Franzin, P.A. Nelson, A.G. Salki, M.P. Stainton, R.A. Bodaly and R.W. Newbury. 2005. Nelson and Churchill river basins, p. 853-901. In A.C. Benke and C.E. Cushing (ed.), Rivers of North America. Elsevier Academic Press, Boston, MA.

Smetana, A. 1988. Review of the family Hydrophilidae of Canada and Alaska (Coleoptera). Mem. Ent. Soc. Can. 142:1-316.

Smith, D. H. 1975. The taxonomy of the Trichoptera (Caddisflies) of the Saskatchewan River System in Saskatchewan. MSc. Thesis. University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon SK. 273 pp.

Smith, D. H. 1984. Systematics of Saskatchewan Trichoptera larvae with emphasis on species from the boreal streams. Ph.D. Thesis U. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon. SK 1302 pp.

Smith, R. L. and T. h. Smith. 2001. Ecology and Field Biology 6th Ed. Benjamin Cummings.  pp. 1-771.

Vannote, R. L.,  G. W. Minshall, K. W. Cummins, J. R. Schell, and C. E. Cushing. 1980. The River Continuum Concept. Can. J. Fish. Aq. Sci. 37:130-137.

Walker, E.M. 1953. The Odonata of Canada and Alaska. Vol. One. Part I: General. Part  II: The Zygoptera-Damselflies. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

Walker, E.M. 1958. The Odonata of Canada and Alaska. Vol. Two. Part III: The Anisoptera- Four Families. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

Walker, E.M. and P.S. Corbet. 1975.The Odonata of Canada and Alaska. Vol. Three. Part III: The Anisoptera- Three Families. University of Toronto Press, Toronto

Webb, J.M. 2002. The mayflies of Saskatchewan. MSc. Thesis. University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. 430 pp.

Webb, J., D.W. Parker, D.M. Lehmkuhl, and W.P. McCafferty. 2004. Addtions and emendations to the mayfly (Ephemeroptera) fauna of Saskatchewan, Canada. Ent. News 115:213-218

Wiggins, G.B. 1996. Larvae of the North American Caddisfly Genera . 2nd Ed.
University of Toronto Press.